Types of Heat Pumps

Are you in the market for a new heating and cooling system? An extremely efficient heat pump could be just what you’re looking for. It’s very common that people know less about heat pumps than they do about furnaces or air conditioners, but modern heat pumps models can split your heating costs in half. They also supply cooling in the warm months for year-round comfort from a single system.

If we’ve got your interest, now you can learn more from the Experts at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing about the different types of heat pumps before you choose what’s best for your home.

What Makes Heat Pumps So Special?

Heat pumps are a distinctive type of HVAC system capable of both heating and cooling. In the hot months, they work similarly to an air conditioner, using electricity to pull heat from your home. Then, a reversing valve enables the equipment to run in reverse, drawing in heat inside to warm up your home.

As well as this dual functionality, heat pumps are praised for their remarkable efficiency. Because they convey heat rather than generate it from a fuel source, heat pumps can achieve more than 300% efficiency. This is compared to a top mark of 98% efficiency for modern gas-fired furnaces. By selecting a heat pump, you’re not just deciding on comfort; you’re going with a system known for sustainability and energy savings.

Three Main Types of Heat Pumps

While heat pumps have multiple subcategories, each system fits into one of these main types:

Air-source heat pumps

This is the most popular type of heat pump. Installation is typically straightforward, and these systems perform exceptionally well in moderate climates. Air source heat pumps utilize the ambient air as a channel for heat exchange. In other words, they draw heat from the outside air during the cold months and take heat out of your home during the summertime.

Water-source heat pumps

If your home is built close to a body of water like a lake, pond or well, a water-source heat pump could be an alternative. These systems leverage water as the medium for heat exchange, providing another efficiency boost. While less widely used than air-source heat pumps because of the need for water access, these are a useful option for homeowners with the suitable environmental conditions.

Ground-source or geothermal heat pumps

If you want the single most efficient climate control method around, ground-source or geothermal heat pumps are good systems to consider. These units function using the earth’s stable underground temperature to provide consistent and incredibly efficient heating and cooling. The downside to this variety of heat pump, however, is the complexity and expense of installation, which often requires excavation to lay underground pipes.

Heat Pump Subtypes

As soon as you identify what heat pump style you need in your home, the next step is to choose the best subtype. Your options include:

Hybrid heat pumps

If you reside in an area with dramatic temperature swings, hybrid heat pumps can offer the best of both worlds. These heat pumps come in two forms:

  • Combination air- and ground-source heat pumps toggle between these different ways of transferring heat, adapting to current weather conditions for maximum efficiency.
  • Combination air-source heat pumps and gas furnaces mostly use the heat pump when there’s relatively mild weather. Then, when temperatures drop, the gas-fired furnace kicks in, cutting down on the use of energy compared to the backup electric resistance heating coils that come standard.

Solar heat pumps

Merging renewable energy with home heating and cooling is a great way to cut your energy bills and help the environment. Solar heat pumps run using power created by solar panels, the perfect setup for environmentally conscious homeowners who still want to benefit from modern climate control.

Heat Pump Installation Options

You have even more choices for setting up your heat pump:

Split-system heat pumps

This is the standard setup for most of the homes that already have ductwork. The inside unit is commonly installed in the basement, attic or utility closet, while the outdoor unit sits on a concrete slab in your yard.

Packaged heat pumps

In this type of installation, all mechanical components are placed in a single outdoor unit, often installed on the roof. This is ideal for homes or commercial buildings with limited indoor or yard space.

H4: Ductless mini-split heat pumps

Ductless systems, also known as mini-split systems, are often used in homes and additions that don’t have any ductwork. Every room can have a dedicated indoor unit attached to a single outdoor unit, providing targeted climate control and energy savings.

Window heat pumps

These compact units are perfect for small spaces or to meet short-term needs. While less efficient than other options, they provide quick and simple installation.

Choose Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for Your Heat Pump Needs in the U.S.

If you want to to install a heat pump, choose the knowledgeable professionals at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing. With decades of combined experience, 24/7 emergency service and a one-year 100% satisfaction guarantee, you can trust we’ll deliver a job well done every time. Our seasoned technicians will see to it your heat pump system is modified to your needs, from installation to scheduled maintenance to occasional repairs.

Ready to indulge in home comfort and efficiency like never before? Contact Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for heat pump installation in the U.S.. Call 866-397-3787 today for your free, no-obligation estimate!