What Size Air Conditioner Do I Need?
Whether you’re building a new home or replacing your existing air conditioning system, there is one question you’re guaranteed to consider: what size air conditioner do I need? Selecting the correct AC size is a balancing act. Too large, and you could experience poor humidity control and significant energy expenses. Too small, and the unit might not be able to reach comfortable temperatures on sweltering hot days. Appropriate air conditioner sizing is required to enjoy an efficient, cost-effective and comfortable cooling experience.
The Importance of Sizing Your Air Conditioner Correctly
Ensuring your AC produces the right cooling capacity is a matter of comfort and energy savings. Here’s why you shouldn’t simply guess the ideal AC size:
- Humidity control: An oversized unit cools too fast, hindering humidity removal and making your home clammy. A right- sized air conditioner will regulate indoor humidity levels more efficiently.
- Even temperatures: An efficiently functioning air conditioner distributes cool air evenly and minimizes uncomfortable temperature changes between cycles.
- Peak day performance: Systems that don’t have enough cooling capacity struggle to reach the target temperature on hot summer afternoons, so you need a unit powerful enough to keep up with cooling demand.
- Proper cycling: Air conditioners power on and off with adequate run time for each cycle. Units that are too big for the space cycle too quickly, causing additional wear and tear. Conversely, an undersized system runs continuously, which may cause overheating.
- Manageable utility bills: Cycling troubles caused by installing the wrong size of air conditioner cause higher electricity bills. However, a unit that is the recommended size will operate efficiently and keep your utility bills in check.
Understanding Air Conditioner Size
Cooling capacity is measured in British thermal units (BTUs). A BTU is a standard unit of energy that indicates the amount of heat an air conditioner can remove in one hour. The majority of room air conditioning units range from 5,000 to 18,000 BTUs. Because central air conditioners are larger, they’re usually measured in tons. A one-ton system is equivalent to 12,000 BTUs. Many central air conditioning models range from 1 to 5 tons.
Sizing a Room Air Conditioner
When considering window or portable air conditioners, which size you need primarily depends on the room’s square footage. Measure the area—length x width—and match it to the appropriate BTUs:
- A room measuring 150 to 350 square feet will probably require a 5,000 to 8,000 BTU air conditioner.
- A room that is around 350 and 550 square feet should need an 8,000 to 12,000 BTU unit.
- A large room or open area of 550 to 1,000 square feet may take a 12,000 to 18,000 BTU unit.
These general recommendations don’t take into account factors like interior heat gain or how much sun streams in through the windows of the room. For a more precise calculation, contact a cooling specialist at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing.
Sizing a Central Air Conditioner
Determining the correct size of central air conditioner begins with the home’s square footage, but accurate sizing requires a more in-depth look. HVAC professionals rely on load calculations detailed in Manual J to determine a home’s unique cooling requirements. Here are the considerations that professionals consider:
- Square footage: How big your home is greatly affects its cooling requirements, with bigger homes generally requiring more cooling capacity.
- Local climate: Where you live impacts your cooling requirements as well. States with extremely hot, humid summers generally demand a higher cooling capacity than cooler, drier regions.
- Interior heat gain: The heat created inside your home is made by people, lights, electronics and appliances. Higher internal heat increases your home’s cooling demands.
- Insulation levels: The amount of insulation in your walls, attic and floors has effects on how much heat gets into your home. Well-insulated homes keep cool air more effectively, which lowers the cooling load.
- Air infiltration rate: This relates to how much outside air gets in through leaks or cracks in the exterior of your home. Homes with a significant air infiltration requires more cooling to counteract the warm, humid outdoor air that makes its way inside.
- Home orientation and window layout: The direction your home faces influences its sun exposure, which in turn can change the required cooling load. A single-family residence with sprawling south-facing windows absorbs more heat and requires a more sizeable air conditioner than a north-facing condo.
Other Factors to Consider When Buying an AC
Besides knowing what size air conditioner you need, consider these additional factors when installing a new air conditioner:
- Brand: Not all air conditioning systems are created equal. It’s essential to select a trusted brand for dependability and longevity.
- Efficiency rating: The seasonal energy efficiency ratio (SEER) signifies the amount of heat an air conditioner can take out per unit of electricity it consumes. Higher SEER ratings represent increased efficiency, minimizing your utility bills.
- Maintenance requirements: Regular maintenance keeps your system working effectively. Most AC makers suggest yearly tune-ups to find and fix small problems before they turn into pricey repairs.
Get Expert Help Sizing Your Air Conditioner From Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing
Finding the best air conditioner size can be daunting. The Experts at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing are here to support you throughout the process. We offer custom cooling strategies to optimize home comfort, efficiency and energy savings.
From calculating your unique cooling needs to helping you navigate different brands and efficiency ratings, we’re with you at every step. For help picking out the perfect air conditioner for your home in the U.S., call 866-397-3787 today to schedule your appointment with Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing.
Zoning Systems: Control the Temperature in Every Room
Central heating and air systems have radically changed home comfort and made it possible to stay completely cozy in any season or climate. But while centralized systems are a handy way to regulate the temperature, they at times fall short when it comes to evenly distributing heated or cooled air... Continue reading
Eight Upgrades to Boost Your Home HVAC System
During the coldest time of the year in the U.S., there’s no better way to improve your home’s comfort than with some effective upgrades. It’s not just about keeping the house toasty warm as the snow begins to fall—it’s about boosting efficiency and improving the very air you breathe.... Continue reading
How to Find an Effective HVAC System
In terms of keeping your home comfortable year-round, nothing is more critical than choosing the right heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) system. This determination impacts your daily comfort, monthly utility costs and all-around home efficiency. However, with so many system types,... Continue reading